Under review. The syntax, semantics, and cognition of musical compositions.

Under review. An empirical study on the force of modal expressions.

Revise and resubmit. The physiological and morphological benefits of shadowboxing.

2023. The impact of shadowboxing on the psychological well-being of professional martial artists. Discover Psychology, 3, 4. First published 24 January 2023. [pdf]

2022. Muay Thai, psychological well-being, and cultivation of combat-relevant affordances. Philosophies, 7, 65. First published 9 June 2022. [pdf]

2020. Slurs: The Semantics, Pragmatics, and Cognition of Derogation and Appropriation. PhD thesis. Glasgow: Glasgow Caledonian University.

2018. Asian slurs and stereotypes in the USA: A context-sensitive account of derogation and appropriation. Pragmatics and Society, 9, 495-517. First published 10 January 2019. [pdf]

2016. Some equalities are more equal than others: Quality equality emerges later than numerical equality. Child Development, 87, 1520-1528. Coauthored with Mark Sheskin, Amber Nadal, Tanya Mayer, Jenny Nissel, and Paul Bloom. First published 3 May 2016. [pdf]

2015i. An introduction to the special issue on slurs. Language Sciences, 52, 1-2. First published 31 August 2015. [pdf]

2015h. An assessment of the negative and positive aspects of stereotypes and the derogatory and nonderogatory uses of slurs. In A. Capone & J. L. Mey (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society (pp. 791-822). Switzerland: Springer. First published 1 August 2015. [pdf]

2015g. Aristotelian moral psychology and the situationist challenge. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 46, 262-277. First published 22 May 2015. [pdf]

2015f. Slurs and stereotypes for Italian-Americans: A context-sensitive account of derogation and appropriation. Journal of Pragmatics, 81, 36-51. First published 29 April 2015. [pdf]

2015e. The semantics of slurs: A refutation of coreferentialism. Ampersand, 2, 30-38. First published 25 February 2015. [pdf]

2015d. The importance of poetry, hip-hop, and philosophy for an enlisted aviator in the USAF (2000-2004) flying in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 28, 73-97. First published 23 February 2015. [pdf]

2015c. Music practice and participation for psychological well-being: A review of how music influences positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning, and accomplishment. Musicae Scientiae, 19, 44-64. First published 5 December 2014. [pdf]

2015b. The practice of poetry and the psychology of well-being. Journal of Poetry Therapy, 28, 21-41. First published 1 December 2014. [pdf]

2015a. Slurs, stereotypes, and in-equality: A critical review of “How Epithets and Stereotypes Are Racially Unequal”. Language Sciences, 52, 139-154. First published 10 May 2014. [pdf]

2014f. Spanish slurs and stereotypes for Mexican-Americans in the USA: A context-sensitive account of derogation and appropriation. Sociocultural Pragmatics, 2, 145-179. First published 5 November 2014. [pdf]

2014e. Embodying martial arts for mental health: Cultivating psychological wellbeing with martial arts practice. Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports, 10, 59-70. First published 26 September 2014. [pdf]

2014d. Book review: Auditory Neuroscience: Making Sense of Sound. Musicae Scientiae, 18, 249-251. First published 12 May 2014. [pdf]

2014c. Remarks on “The Semantics of Racial Slurs”. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, 13, 11-32. First published May 2014. [pdf]

2014b. The semantics of slurs: A refutation of pure expressivism. Language Sciences, 41, 227-242. First published 13 November 2013. [pdf]

2014a. Vindicating virtue: A critical analysis of the situationist challenge against Aristotelian moral psychology. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 48, 18-47. First published 4 October 2013. [pdf]

2013b. Racial epithets, characterizations, and slurs. Analysis and Metaphysics, 12, 11-24. First published December 2013. [pdf]

2013a. How to do things with slurs: Studies in the way of derogatory words. Language and Communication, 33, 177-204. First published 1 June 2013. [pdf]

2012b. Music, neuroscience, and the psychology of well-being: A précis. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 393. First published 2 January 2012. [pdf]

2012a. Aesthetic concepts, perceptual learning, and linguistic enculturation: Considerations from Wittgenstein, language, and music. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 46, 90-117. First published 9 September 2011. [pdf]

2011a. Slurs. Language Sciences, 33, 343-358. First published 13 December 2010. [pdf]

2010b. Thick concepts, non-cognitivism, and Wittgenstein’s rule-following considerations. South African Journal of Philosophy, 29, 286-309. First published September 2010. [pdf]

2010a. Wittgenstein, Kripke, and the rule following paradox. Dialogue, 52, 103-109. First published April 2010. [pdf]

2008a. Racial epithets: What we say and mean by them. Dialogue, 51, 34-45. First published October 2008. [pdf]