Lecture 1 – Introduction to cognitive science

Lecture 1: Introduction to cognitive science (May 23, 2022)

Readings

Questions to check your knowledge (a subset of these questions will appear on your quiz)

  1. Identify the 7 sub-disciplines of cognitive science (Cognitive Science Society 2022).
  2. Traditionally, this research area focused on observable stimuli and observable behavioral responses and disregarded talk about consciousness and mental representations (Thagard 1996).
  3. This scholar argued that language acquisition cannot occur based on learned habits but instead requires a universal mental grammar consisting of rules (Thagard 1996).
  4. Traditionally, this research area focused on common processes underlying intelligent problem-solving in computers and human brains (Kenrick 2001).
  5. This is the hypothesis that thinking occurs in a mental language (Thagard 1996).
  6. Traditionally, this research area focused on mental adaptations to ecological contexts (Kenrick 2001).
  7.  Traditionally, this research area focused on how complexity can emerge from a few variables interacting on the basis of a few rules (Kenrick 2001).
  8. Marr (1982) identified 3 levels of understanding how a machine carries out an information-processing task. This level is concerned with the goal or problem to be solved in the task (the “why”).
  9. Marr (1982) identified 3 levels of understanding how a machine carries out an information-processing task. This level is concerned with the rules involved in performing the task (the “what”).
  10. Marr (1982) identified 3 levels of understanding how a machine carries out an information-processing task. This level is concerned with the realization of rules in physical materials (the “how”).